The relationship between insomnia and depression is far from simple, however. “Until recently, insomnia was typically seen as a symptom of depression,” says Michael L. Perlis, MD, an associate professor of psychiatry and director of the Behavioral Sleep Medicine Program at the University of Pennsylvania. “Treat the underlying depression, the thinking went, and sleep problems would go away. [ Refer: http://www.webmd.com/]
Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. [Depression – Reeve Foundation, https://www.christopherreeve.org/living-with-paralysis/health/depression (accessed September 20, 2016).]You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life is not worth living
Depressions General Symptoms
People with depressive illnesses do not all experience the same symptoms. The severity, frequency and duration of symptoms will vary depending on the individual and his or her particular disease. The symptoms of major depression characteristically represent a significant change from how a person functioned before the disease.
The symptoms of depression include:
Persistent sad, anxious or “empty” feelings
Sense of hopelessness and/or pessimism
Sense of guilt, worthlessness, and/or helplessness
Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable, including sex
Fatigue and decreased energy
Difficulty concentrating, remembering details and making decisions
Insomnia, early–morning wakefulness, or excessive sleeping
Overeating or appetite loss
Thoughts of suicide attempts
Persistent aches or pains, headaches, cramps or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment
The relationship between sleep and depressive illness is complex – depression may cause sleep problems and sleep problems may cause or contribute to depressive disorders. For some people, symptoms of depression occur before the onset of sleep problems. For others, sleep problems appear first. Sleep problems and depression may also share risk factors and biological features and the two conditions may respond to some of the same treatment strategies. Sleep problems are also associated with more severe depressive illness.
Insomnia is very common among depressed patients. Evidence suggests that people with insomnia have a ten-fold risk of developing depression compared with those who sleep well. Depressed individuals may suffer from a range of insomnia symptoms, including difficulty falling asleep (sleep onset insomnia), difficulty staying asleep (sleep maintenance insomnia), unrefreshing sleep, and daytime sleepiness. However, research suggests that the risk of developing depression is highest among people with both sleep onset and sleep maintenance insomnia. Moreover, by Integrative and Complementary Medicine, It is liver metabolic disorder problem cause Depression; So, Functional Food Therapeutic Lifestyle Change Intervention could be the best option for Depressed Patient’s Insomnia Problem.